Danny Lämmerhirt

Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter

+49 (0)271 740 3062

  • Data cooperatives
  • Compensatory regimes in the data economy
  • The politics of participatory data
  • The making of authoritative knowledge & alternative ways of knowing
  • Metrics for public governance and their performativity
  • Valuation studies, critical data studies, STS, digital methods, feminist epistemology
Understanding the values shaping data cooperatives

My PhD project explores how data cooperatives negotiate different (and possibly conflicting) value regimes among its members and third-parties. Data cooperatives are interesting cases of how people can collectively produce, pool, circulate, and decided how data gets shared among each other and with third-parties. Data cooperatives are interesting counter-models to most commercial platforms for their formalisation via revocable licenses as well as their establishment around deliberative and representative bodies binding business models to the interests of the cooperative.

Platform studies have shown how platforms make data “ready” and multivalent to be circulated across multiple interest groups (Gerlitz 2016; Lury and Marres 2015; Van Dijk, Poell, de Waal 2018). As integral parts of the platform business model (Geiger and Gross 2019), data circulation and data multivalence may however lead to conflicts of interests and ethical issues if data – such as credit scores, health statements, or social media posts – is used by multiple audiences for different purposes (see Fourcade and Healey 2017; Beckwith, Sherry, and Prendergast (2019)). Data practices are always entangled with valuation practices, never merely representing but always performing what gets valued and how (Boltanski and Thévenot 2006, Didier 2007; MacKenzie, Munies and Siu 2007; Stark 2009). The business model of turning people’s data into strategic assets is a valuation strategy which is increasingly contested not only across critical media, platform and data studies, but also a rising number of legal and managerial debates.

New data governance approaches like data trusts, data unions, data cooperatives, or data collaboratives propose different solutions to managing data’s multivalence, often stating to balance data monetisation with social causes or the “public good”.  Little work has ethnographically studied how these new governance arrangements administer collective data (exceptions include Scassa and Vilain 2019; Tempini 2016; Prainsack 2019) and the interests they represent.

It is therefore necessary to investigate how different data governance approaches work, and the contradictions and tensions they are facing when they balance multiple value regimes and data practices. The PhD project develops ethnographic cases of three data cooperatives in health, agriculture, and urban utilities, attending to:

  • The infrastructures underpinning data cooperatives, their mechanics of participation, as well as the types and effects of in-/exclusion,
  • Valuation practices and data practices making data worthy across cooperative members,
  • How governing bodies (such as data ethics boards or cooperative assemblies) align interests across data cooperative members, and with new partners as the interest in the cooperative pool grows.

As such, my project will contribute to debates in platform studies, data governance, valuation studies, as well as economic sociology.

  • 09 2014 – 08 2015: MA New Media & Digital Culture, University of Amsterdam
  • 01 2012 – 06 2012: Sciences économiques, Université Montpellier 1
  • 09 2009 – 09 2012: BA Media Economics (mit Auszeichnung), Stuttgart Media University
Edited books

  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Ana Brandusescu, Natalia Domagala, and Patrick Enaholo (eds. forthcoming). The Social Impact of Open Data in 2019.

Book chapters

  • Pollock, Rufus and Danny Lämmerhirt (forthcoming): „The State of Open Data: European Union“.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, and Ana Brandusescu (forthcoming) “The State of Open Data: Open Data Measurement”.
  • Gray, Jonathan, and Danny Lämmerhirt (2019): „Making Data Public? The Open Data Index as Participatory Device“; In: Daly, Angela; S. Kate Devitt and Monique Mann (Eds.) Good Data. Institute of Network Cultures
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2019): „Open Data Publication of Core Datasets in Africa: Findings From the Africa Open Data Index“, In: Van Belle, Jean Paul: The Africa Data Revolution Report 2018. Status and Emerging Impact of Open Data In Africa. Available here.

White Papers and Working Papers

  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Jonathan Gray, Tommaso Venturini and Axel Meunier (2018): Advancing Sustainability together? Citizen-generated data and the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Jonathan Gray, Tommaso Venturini and Axel Meunier (2018): Choosing And Engaging With Citizen-generated Data. A Guide For Governments To Engage With Citizen-generated Data.
  • Brandusescu, Ana and Danny Lämmerhirt (2018): Open Data Charter Measurement Guide.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2017): Avoiding Data Use Silos: How Governments Can Simplify The Open Licensing Landscape.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Mor Rubinstein and Oscar Montiel (2017): The State of Open Government Data in 2017.
  • “Data and the City: How Can Public Data Infrastructures Change Lives in Urban Regions?”.
  • Jameson, Shazade, Danny Lämmerhirt and Eko Prasetyo (2017): Acting Locally, Monitoring Globally. How To Link Citizen-Generated Data To The SDGs.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Shazade Jameson and Eko Prasetyo (2017): From Evidence to Action: Turning Citizen-Generated Data Into Actionable Information To Improve Decision-Making.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Shazade Jameson and Eko Prasetyo (2016): Making Citizen-Generated Data Work: Towards a Framework Strengthening Collaborations Between Citizens, Civil Society Organisations, And Others.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Jonathan Gray, Stuart Lawson and Samuel Moore (2016): Revealing the True Costs of Gold OA. Towards a Public Data Infrastructure Of Scholarly Publishing Costs.
  • Moore, Samuel, Jonathan Gray and Danny Lämmerhirt (2016): Briefing Paper: Infrastructures for Open Scholarly Communication.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2016): Disciplinary Differences In Opening Research Data.
  • The Impact of Open Data in European Cities. Policy brief for the Council of the European Union.
  • Gray, Jonathan and Danny Lämmerhirt (2015): Changing What Counts: How Can Citizen-Generated And Civil Society Data Be Used As An Advocacy Tool To Change Official Data Collection?
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (forthcoming): Letting the public in to govern by data. Presentation held at Joint Research Centre Ispra Workshop on Competences and Skills in the Governance of a Digitally Transformed Society.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Robert Worthington, Karen Rono Bett (2019): Citizen-generated data. Progress in advancing sustainable development. Webinar presented on October 10.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Guillén Torres (2019): Auditing Together? How Supreme Audit Institutions engage with citizen data practices. Presented at Data Power Conference, Bremen.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2019): Using citizen-generated data for sustainable development? Presentation held for the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2019): The political economy of data. Lecture presented at the University of Amsterdam, Communication Studies, Amsterdam.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Rebecca Firth, Omar Seidu, Zachary Mwangi, and Jenna Slotin (2018): Citizen-generated data: methodology, scale, and confidence in using CGD to measure the SDGs. Presented at UN World Data Forum, Dubai
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Katya Abazajian and Jorge Florez (2018): Mapping the methods of open data use research. Presented at Open Data Research Symposium, Buenos Aires
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Ana Brandusescu and Stefaan Verhulst (2018): What Does Open Data Governance Look Like? Presented at Open Data Research Symposium, Buenos Aires
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2018): The State of open data in Western Europe. Presented at International Open Data Conference, Buenos Aires
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2018): Putting Open Data Measurements to use. Presented at International Open Data Conference, Buenos Aires
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2017): Data and the City: How The Public Uses Data To Drive Urban Transformation (Keynote). Presented at European Commission, DG Devco
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny and Sander van der Waal (2017): The State of Open Licensing in 2017. Presented at CopyCamp 2017
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2017): What Does Relevant Data for Civil Society Even Mean? Presented at TICTeC 2017, Florence
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2017): Making Citizen-Generated Data Work For Sustainable Development: Incentives, Obstacles And The Way Forward. Presented at United Nations World Data Forum, Cape Town.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny and Stefaan Verhulst (2016): Open Data Measurement and Evaluation. Presented at International Open Data Conference, Madrid