Danny Lämmerhirt

Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter

+49 (0)271 740 3062

  • Data cooperatives
  • Compensatory regimes in the data economy
  • The politics of participatory data
  • The making of authoritative knowledge & alternative ways of knowing
  • Metrics for public governance and their performativity
  • Valuation studies, critical data studies, STS, digital methods, feminist epistemology
Understanding the values shaping data cooperatives

As societies are exploring data governance models, data cooperatives emerge as voluntary member-based organisations that allow their members to collectively use data while retaining control and ownership over how data is produced, circulated, accessed, and valorized. While scholars have modelled the legal and technical characteristics of data cooperatives (Hardjono and Pentland 2019), or considered the groups composing such organisations and their inherent mechanisms of exclusion (Prainsack 2019), little empirical work is available to provide situated accounts on how data cooperatives organize collective data practices and valorize data (Vatin 2011). In particular, the socio-technical role of digital infrastructures is large unappreciated in discussions about data cooperatives.

How do digital devices participate in the organisation of cooperative data practices and facilitate the creation of value, among whom? What forms of data citizenship (Gabrys 2019) might be foregrounded if attention is drawn towards the technical “source codes of participation” (Kelty 2016)? What forms of social ordering and agency can be observed when we consider data cooperatives as situated within ecosystems of platforms, apps, and other information infrastructures (Gerlitz et al. 2019)?

To address these questions, this dissertation project engages with recent scholarship of “technography” (Schubert and Rammert 2006, Bucher 2012), styles of “material participation” (Marres 2012) from a science and technology studies perspective, and practice-oriented valuation studies (Dewey 1939, Helgesson and Muniesa 2013). Using five health data cooperatives as empirical cases, the project researches how digital devices organize and reconfigure cooperative data practices (Suchman 2012), and enable to collectively valorize health data. It uses mixed methods, studying official documents, websites, blog entries and other statements outlining the infrastructure of data cooperatives, their interfaces and apps, online fora and other spaces of participation, as well as interviews with cooperative members and their affiliated partners and ecosystems.

Each of the five health data cooperatives functions as distinct infrastructure to collect personal data and can assemble members and their data in different ways, be it as projects/ad-hoc data assemblages or formalized commercial partnerships, involving researchers, commercial startups, public institutions, and others. These configurations bring about different political, cultural, and ethical questions meriting empirical specification how data cooperatives operate in situ to valorize health data. It is therefore necessary to investigate how different data governance approaches work, and the contradictions and tensions they are facing when they balance multiple value regimes and data practices. The dissertation will contribute to scholarship in platform studies, socio-technical studies of participation, valuation studies, as well as data governance.


  • 09 2014 – 08 2015: MA New Media & Digital Culture, University of Amsterdam
  • 01 2012 – 06 2012: Sciences économiques, Université Montpellier 1
  • 09 2009 – 09 2012: BA Media Economics (hons), Stuttgart Media University
Edited books

  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Ana Brandusescu, Natalia Domagala, and Patrick Enaholo (eds. forthcoming). The Social Impact of Open Data in 2019.

Book chapters

  • Pollock, Rufus and Danny Lämmerhirt (forthcoming): „The State of Open Data: European Union“.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, and Ana Brandusescu (forthcoming) “The State of Open Data: Open Data Measurement”.
  • Gray, Jonathan, and Danny Lämmerhirt (2019): „Making Data Public? The Open Data Index as Participatory Device“; In: Daly, Angela; S. Kate Devitt and Monique Mann (Eds.) Good Data. Institute of Network Cultures
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2019): „Open Data Publication of Core Datasets in Africa: Findings From the Africa Open Data Index“, In: Van Belle, Jean Paul: The Africa Data Revolution Report 2018. Status and Emerging Impact of Open Data In Africa. Available here.

White Papers and Working Papers

  • Wan, Evelyn, Aviva de Groot, Shazade Jameson, Mara Paun, Phillip Lücking, Goda Klumbyte, Danny Lämmerhirt (2020) Lost in Translation. Lost in translation: An interactive workshop mapping interdisciplinary translations for epistemic justice. FAT* ’20: Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), p. 692 1 p.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Jonathan Gray, Tommaso Venturini and Axel Meunier (2018): Advancing Sustainability together? Citizen-generated data and the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Jonathan Gray, Tommaso Venturini and Axel Meunier (2018): Choosing And Engaging With Citizen-generated Data. A Guide For Governments To Engage With Citizen-generated Data.
  • Brandusescu, Ana and Danny Lämmerhirt (2018): Open Data Charter Measurement Guide.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2017): Avoiding Data Use Silos: How Governments Can Simplify The Open Licensing Landscape.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Mor Rubinstein and Oscar Montiel (2017): The State of Open Government Data in 2017.
  • “Data and the City: How Can Public Data Infrastructures Change Lives in Urban Regions?”.
  • Jameson, Shazade, Danny Lämmerhirt and Eko Prasetyo (2017): Acting Locally, Monitoring Globally. How To Link Citizen-Generated Data To The SDGs.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Shazade Jameson and Eko Prasetyo (2017): From Evidence to Action: Turning Citizen-Generated Data Into Actionable Information To Improve Decision-Making.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Shazade Jameson and Eko Prasetyo (2016): Making Citizen-Generated Data Work: Towards a Framework Strengthening Collaborations Between Citizens, Civil Society Organisations, And Others.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Jonathan Gray, Stuart Lawson and Samuel Moore (2016): Revealing the True Costs of Gold OA. Towards a Public Data Infrastructure Of Scholarly Publishing Costs.
  • Moore, Samuel, Jonathan Gray and Danny Lämmerhirt (2016): Briefing Paper: Infrastructures for Open Scholarly Communication.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2016): Disciplinary Differences In Opening Research Data.
  • The Impact of Open Data in European Cities. Policy brief for the Council of the European Union.
  • Gray, Jonathan and Danny Lämmerhirt (2015): Changing What Counts: How Can Citizen-Generated And Civil Society Data Be Used As An Advocacy Tool To Change Official Data Collection?
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2020): Lost in Translation: An Interactive Workshop Mapping Interdisciplinary Translations for Epistemic Justice. Presented at ACM FAT* Conference, Barcelona.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (forthcoming): Letting the public in to govern by data. Presentation held at Joint Research Centre Ispra Workshop on Competences and Skills in the Governance of a Digitally Transformed Society.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Robert Worthington, Karen Rono Bett (2019): Citizen-generated data. Progress in advancing sustainable development. Webinar presented on October 10.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Guillén Torres (2019): Auditing Together? How Supreme Audit Institutions engage with citizen data practices. Presented at Data Power Conference, Bremen.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2019): Using citizen-generated data for sustainable development? Presentation held for the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2019): The political economy of data. Lecture presented at the University of Amsterdam, Communication Studies, Amsterdam.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Rebecca Firth, Omar Seidu, Zachary Mwangi, and Jenna Slotin (2018): Citizen-generated data: methodology, scale, and confidence in using CGD to measure the SDGs. Presented at UN World Data Forum, Dubai
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Katya Abazajian and Jorge Florez (2018): Mapping the methods of open data use research. Presented at Open Data Research Symposium, Buenos Aires
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny, Ana Brandusescu and Stefaan Verhulst (2018): What Does Open Data Governance Look Like? Presented at Open Data Research Symposium, Buenos Aires
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2018): The State of open data in Western Europe. Presented at International Open Data Conference, Buenos Aires
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2018): Putting Open Data Measurements to use. Presented at International Open Data Conference, Buenos Aires
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2017): Data and the City: How The Public Uses Data To Drive Urban Transformation (Keynote). Presented at European Commission, DG Devco
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny and Sander van der Waal (2017): The State of Open Licensing in 2017. Presented at CopyCamp 2017
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2017): What Does Relevant Data for Civil Society Even Mean? Presented at TICTeC 2017, Florence
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny (2017): Making Citizen-Generated Data Work For Sustainable Development: Incentives, Obstacles And The Way Forward. Presented at United Nations World Data Forum, Cape Town.
  • Lämmerhirt, Danny and Stefaan Verhulst (2016): Open Data Measurement and Evaluation. Presented at International Open Data Conference, Madrid