Situating Media. Ethnographic Inquiries into Mediation

This summer school addresses current methodological and theoretical challenges of qualitative media‐studies. Conventionally, media have been understood as transcending time and space. More recently, however, mediation and the movement of media actors and media products across space are explored in terms of actor‐media‐networks. This perspective allows scholars to situate media practices and to identify “communities of practice” that evolve in and through the circulation of signs, things and persons. If we regard media as quasi‐objects that create, shift, and translate agency, the battle cry of actor‐network theory becomes an imperative for media‐ethnography across the disciplines. “Follow the actors” challenges us to “follow the natives” and to take into account human and non‐human elements in order to understand how “scaling is achieved by the actors themselves” (Latour).

Monday, 15 July 2013

17:00 Arrival
18:00 Input paper: Erhard Schüttpelz
20:00 Dinner

Tuesday, 16 July 2013  – Materialities

09:30 Input paper: Jeremy Stolow
10:30 Coffee break
11:00 Discussion of selected texts:
Stolow, Jeremy (2007): Holy Pleather: Materializing Authority in Contemporary Orthodox Jewish Publishing
Stolow, Jeremy (2012): Introduction to Deus in Machina. Religion, Technology, and the Things in Between
12:30 Lunch break
Presentations
14:30 Marie‐Eve Lefebvre: Once There Was a Sardar: Representing the Sikh Community in Bollywood Movies
15:00 Anne Fleckstein: Media and Technologies of Truth in the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission
15:30 Anna Brus: Contesting the Exhibitionary Order. Julius Lips and the Inverted Gaze
16:00 Coffee break
16:30 Katja Glaser: In‐Between: Street Art in the Digital Road Network
17:00 Sandra Calkins: Managing Uncertainties: Metal Detectors and Organizational Forms in Sudan’s Artisanal Gold Mining Sector
17:30 Carolin Maevis: Mobility, Media and Morality. Translocal Extensions of an Islamic Revival Movement – Paris and Bamako
18:00 Anja Dreschke: Cologne Tribes. A Media‐Anthropological Study on the Reenactment of ‘Foreign’ Cultures
19:00 Dinner

Wednesday, 17 July 2013 – Sensualities

09:30 Input paper: Veit Erlmann
10:30 Coffee break
11:00 Discussion of selected texts:
Attali, Jacques (1985): Noise. The Political Economy of Music Sterne, Jonathan (2003): Techniques of Listening

12:30 Lunch break

Presentations
14:30 Judith Willkomm: Shaping Scientific Practices in Bioacoustics. A Field Study on Field Studies
15:00 Leonardo Cardoso: Sound‐Politics in São Paulo: Funk and Youth Networks
15:30 Kai Enzweiler: Affect and Fiction: The Example of the 100 Day Campaign “Clean Up in Beijing”
16:00 Coffee break
16:30 Ilham Messaoudi: Multimodal Production of Emotionality within Situated Interactions
17:00 Allison Ferry: The Free Hugs Campaign, Religion and Online Public Spheres: A Case Study
17:30 Raphaela Knipp: “Touring the Fictive” – A Cultural Study of Literary Tourism
18:00 Nadine Taha: Media Historical Ethnography
19:00 Dinner

 

Thursday, 18 July 2013 – Inscriptions

09:30 Input paper: Richard Rottenburg
10:30 Coffee break
11:00 Discussion of selected texts:
Akrich, Madeleine (1992): “The De‐scription of Technical Objects” Hull, Matthew (2012): “Documents and Bureaucracy”
Latour, Bruno, and Steve Woolgar (1979): “An Anthropologist Visits the Laboratory”
Rottenburg, Richard (2009 [2002]): “Trading Zones”

12:30 Lunch break

Presentations
14:30 Juri Dachtera: Supporting work practices with IT ‐ the case of an interdisciplinary research community (EUSSET)
15:00 Norman Schräpel: Information and Communication Technologies, Medical Data Production and the Politics of Global Health in Rwanda
15:30 Simone Pfeifer: Media, Gender, Generations: Translocal Networking and Media Spaces of Senegalese in Berlin and Dakar
16:00 Coffee break
16:30 Johannes Paßmann: Becoming and Un‐becoming a Twitterati
17:00 David Sittler: Traffic and Transport of Street‐Images, Chicago Around 1900
17:30 Matthias Meiler: Weblogs as Academic Communication Practice
18:00 Annika Richterich: “Karma, precious Karma.” Reddit and the Gamification of Social Media
19:00 Dinner

Friday, 19 July 2013 – Institutions

09:30 Input paper: Cornelius Schubert
10:30 Coffee break
11:00 Discussion of selected texts:
Pinch, Trevor (2008): “Technology and Institutions. Living in a Material World”
Star, Susan L. (1999): “The Ethnography of Infrastructure”
12:30 End

Materialities

Input: Prof. Dr. Jeremy Stolow (Montréal)

It is an elementary observation that all social practices, including media practices, can only take place within their particular physical environments, and in conjunction with the specific objects, instruments, and technologies required to “make things happen.” What remains far less clear is what we mean by the word “material” and what sorts of agency we ought to ascribe to the things with which we are in traffic (including tools, resources, and physical constraints). Drawing upon several lines of inquiry into the study of technology and material agency – including actor network theory and media archaeology – this input paper and seminar discussion will explore possibilities for ethnographic research that attend to the complex of relationships among human actors, their perceptual embodiments, their instruments and tools, their material environments, and the larger discursive frameworks within which all such relations are made commonsensical, meaningful, or problematic. Our discussion will focus especially on some of the ways material and technological agency have been treated in the study of “religion and media,” an exploration that hopefully will provide instructive examples for the design of future ethnographic research.

 

Sensualities
Input: Prof. Dr. Veit Erlmann (Austin/Berlin)

Media have long ceased to be understood as neutral technologies that merely extend, amplify, or enhance our sensory capabilities. Media shape our sensorium and are shaped by it. In fact, the senses increasingly become media themselves. The way we see, hear, smell, taste, or touch
cannot therefore be reduced to a simple input/output relationship. Our sensory engagement is deeply enmeshed with both our bodies and the materiality and operative logic of media technologies. The sense of hearing has traditionally been associated with heightened awareness, epiphany, the supernatural, and the immediacy of presence. The emergence of modern media has enormously augmented the utopian power of such phantasms. An early example are the self‐experiments by the pioneer of electrochemistry Johann Ritter around 1800, which will be taken as a starting point for discussion in this section. Electrocuting his ears, Ritter elaborated a far‐reaching theory of auditory perception that merged the human ear, electric wires and the newly invented battery into a heady mix of magic sensation, media technology, and rationality.

 

Inscriptions
Input: Prof. Dr. Richard Rottenburg (Halle)

The concept “technology of inscription” makes a twofold reference to inscription. On the one hand, it refers to devices of inscription that translate realities into specific codes and forms that can travel or can connect with other codes and forms. Inscription devices range from analog forms (like patient record, customer record, police report record, but also photographs, x‐ray imaging) to complex digital technologies (like sonography, MRI‐imaging, digital data banks). On the other hand a technology of inscription is, like any other technology, inscribed with a rich array of rules, meanings and values about the user, the use of the device, the material and institutional context, and the future that is hoped for by using the device. Social practices of ordering are nowadays normally conceived as implicating different dimensions of materiality and often technologies of inscription are thought to be at the core of ordering practices. What becomes visible when technologies of inscription travel – leave their usual institutional context – and become involved in experimental practices and the making of new institutions?

 

Institutions
Input: Prof. Dr. Cornelius Schubert (Augsburg)

Mediation practices, and the de‐ and re‐materializations that go along with them, build social, political, economic and religious institutions. They structure mechanisms of cooperation and are processed in “centers of calculation”. Institutions draw things, signs and persons together over vast distances and provide the means for (social) control. In contrast to classical understandings of institutions as mere cognitive and normative frames, institutions are increasingly regarded as socio‐material arrangements. Also, institutions are not seen as fixed and powerful structures, but as locally accomplished and inherently unstable entities. The input paper and the following discussion will address the socio‐material unfolding and displacement of institutions and relate them to the study of technical infrastructures. This will lead to methodological questions concerning the possibility of analyzing institutions ethnographically. First and foremost, institutions are conceptual constructs which cannot be observed directly, they can only be inferred upon through empirical instances. This poses the challenge of how to relate empirical and conceptual categories in the study of socio‐material institutions.

Akrich, Madeleine (1992): The De-scription of Technical Objects. In: Bijker, Wiebe E., and John Law (ed.), Shaping Technology/Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 204-224.

Attali, Jacques (1985): Representing. Ch. 3 in: Idem, Noise The Political Economy of Music. Theory and History of Literature 16. Minneapolis/London: University of Minnesota Press, 46-85.

Hull, Matthew S. (2012): Documents and Bureaucracy. In: Annual Review of Anthropology, 41: 251-267.

Pinch, Trevor J. (2008): Technology and Institutions. Living in a Material World. In: Theory and Society, 37 (5): 461-483.

Latour, Bruno, and Steve Woolgar (1979): An Anthropologist Visits the Laboratory. Ch. 2 in: Idem, Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 43-88.

Rottenburg, Richard (2009 [2002]): Trading Zones. Ch. 5 in: Idem, Far-Fetched Facts. A Parable of Development Aid. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 121-169.

Star, Susan L. (1999): The Ethnography of Infrastructure. In: American Behavioral Scientist, 43 (7): 377-391.

Sterne, Jonathan (2003): Techniques of Listening. Ch. 2 in: Idem, The Audible Past. Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction. Durham/London: Duke University Press, 87-136.

Stolow, Jeremy (2007): Holy Pleather: Materializing Authority in Contemporary Orthodox Jewish Publishing. In: Material Religion: The Journal of Objects, Art and Belief, 3 (3): 314-335.

Stolow, Jeremy (2013): Introduction. Religion, Technology, and the Things in Between. In: Idem (ed.), Deus in Machina. Religion, Technology, and the Things in Between. New York: Fordham University Press, 1-22.